Auliapur Nilkuthi A Historical Place at Madaripur
Known to the common people as Mr. Lop’s blue factory. The British indigo planters also persecuted the poor peasants and the historical Faraji. Nilkuthi, the silent witness of the movement, is still standing. The indigo factory is located at Auliapur village in the Chilarchar union of Sadar Upazila, 10 km east of Madaripur district town. There is a rumor that the village has been called Aulia Pur for a long time thanks to the footsteps of various saints. In this village, there is the Dargah Sharif of the famous Auliya Hazrat Shahsufi Khwaja Yusuf Shah Ahsan. Today the dargah is dilapidated due to careless negligence. The location of the Dargah is next to the blue house. 50 years ago, this area was covered with dense forest. Many kinds of ferocious animals including tigers lived here. Now, of course, there is no jungle here.
About two hundred years ago. An Englishman named Dunlop Saheb came to this area with the desire to become a millionaire overnight in the indigo business. He set up a blue factory on 12 acres of land. This blue factory is almost non-existent today. The land of the factory has also become valuable in various ways. The ruins of the factory and the VV of the brick building are lying. And as a memento, the reactor has remained almost intact, only the locality is known locally. The farmers of the area at that time were forced to cultivate only indigo except for paddy, jute, wheat, mustard, and other crops. It was not possible to cultivate any other crop on the land where indigo was once cultivated. Even the poorest farmers were affected by indigo cultivation with interest and pay money through local brokers. Madaripur was very suitable for indigo cultivation.
At that time the English were gathering to cultivate indigo. This is associated with Mr. Dunlop’s indigo factory. The historic Faraji movement. When the oppression of the British in the subcontinent was at its peak, the farmers of this region also suffered due to the oppression of Nilkuthials and their fellow zamindar moneylenders. At that time Haji Shariatullah of Bahadurpur village of Shibchar Upazila of Madaripur and his son Mohsinuddin Dudu Mia formed a huge battalion with the farmers of the area. This protest at one time took the form of a mass movement. After the death of Shariatullah, a fierce battle was fought with the British in 1738, led by his son Dudumia, three km away from Nilkuthi. The defeated Nilkuthial Dunlop with his team fled from Nilkuthi. The place where this battle took place in Auliapur is still known as Rankhola. Rankhola on the east side of the extinct Dunlop Nilkuthi, Auliapur Bazar on the west, Kalitala on the north, and Auliapur Dargah Sharif on the south. There is a furnace in the middle of this 12-room cottage and a chimney about 40 feet high next to it.
Day by day this historical instruction is on the verge of extinction. The locals want the government to preserve the indigo factory as the last reminder of the history of the oppression of their forefathers and the Faraji movement. Talking to Dr. Abdul Bari, one of the historians of Madaripur, a member of Bangladesh History Society, he demanded the preservation of this indigo factory. He said that if this historic indigo factory was lost, there would be no remnants of the Ophrazi movement of British oppression in the Madaripur area. The people of Madaripur expect the government to come forward to protect the blue factory. At present many lands of Nilkuthi have become valuable. It is not possible to preserve the indigo factory until this land is recovered. It is important to maintain the indigo factory. The historical significance of this Nirkuthi is immense not only for the visitors.
Auliapur Nilkuthi is one of the places of interest in the district. The indigo factory is located at Aoliapur village in the Chilarchar union of Madaripur Sadar Upazila. The tyrant English indigo planter Dunlop was the owner of this factory. Near this factory, the Nilkar Dunlop forces fought with the followers of Haji Shariat Ullah, the leader of the Faraji movement. In that battle, Dunlop’s forces suffered a crushing defeat. That place is known as Ranakhola.
How to get there
There is a direct bus from Dhaka to Gabtali or Keraniganj (across the bridge at Naya Bazar) to Madaripur. You can get to Madaripur Sadar by any bus from Gabtali to Barisal, get off at Mustafapur and take a bus or auto-rickshaw. Overall bus fare from Keraniganj to Madaripur Sadar is Tk. 200 per person (normal 2/3 seats), Tk. 250 per person (chair). Buses are available every 5 to 30 minutes in the morning. Also, the Sonali bus from Saidabad and Chandra bus from Keraniganj run on the same route. The rent is slightly lower than the overall. These buses will be dropped off at Mawa Ghat and will be launched at their expense, crossed the river, brought to Kawrakandi, and put on another bus. When it is broken, it will go to Madaripur. You do not have to pay any extra rent. It takes 4 to 5 hours to reach Madaripur.
Overall, Chandra, Subarna buses run from Gabtali. Overall good. I heard 300 rupees in the chair. I don’t go this route, the time is high, the fare is high, but the river route is very short. Just 30 minutes. Those who are afraid of the river can go this way. It will take them from Gabtali to Aricha and cross the river to Daulatdia Ghat and take them back to the bus. It will go to Madaripur via Faridpur Sadar. There is another way to go, broken. The fare from Gulistan to the Mawa bus is 60Tk. Sea boat can cross the river for 200 Tk. You can go to Madaripur by bus from the other side. Or come to Madaripur on a broken bus.
The hotel is a good quality hotel to stay in Madaripur. The hotel is located next to the minister’s house. The hotel has a motherland, which is located next to the old bus stand. Besides, if you want to stay a little less, there is Hotel Sumon and Hotel Beach at Badamtala. There are a few more hotels in the old market in the low.
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